The Miniature Pinscher, also known as the Mini Doberman is a small breed of dog which is thought to have originated from Germany.
Paintings and historical artifacts suggest that the Miniature Pinscher is a very old breed, but factual documentation only goes back 200 years, which puts a question mark over its actual origins, though most historians think its heritage is probably correct.
It’s a misconception that the Miniature Pinscher is a Miniature Doberman, this occurred because the Doberman Pinscher, developed by Karl Friedrich Doberman was introduced before the Miniature Pinscher. When the Miniature Pinscher was introduced to the American Kennel club in 1919, not knowing it was officially listed in Germany as the Zergpinscher (little biter) they listed it under miscellaneous. When the Miniature Pinscher club of America was formed in 1929, they petitioned for Miniature Pinschers to be placed in the Toy group, the American Kennel clubs description that the dog must appear as a Doberman in miniature, led to this misconception common today that this breed is a Miniature Doberman Pinscher. The original name for the breed in the U. S was Pinscher (toy) until 1972, when the name was officially changed to Miniature Pinscher.
The breeds early ancestors are thought to be the German Pinscher mixed with Dachshunds and Italian Greyhounds.
According to the American Kennel club the Miniature Pinscher should be 10 to 12.5 inches high at the shoulder blades, with length being equal to height. The ideal weight for a healthy Miniature Pinscher is 3.5 to 4.5 kg.
A well-balanced dog, the Miniature Pinscher is sturdy and compact with a smooth coat, they are naturally well groomed, vigorous and alert. The legs should be straight, with no bending in or out, and it frequently has a docked tail and cropped ears.
Not for the inexperienced dog owner, Miniature Pinschers need lots of care, time and effort if they are raised properly. They are an energetic, assertive and independent breed which make great agility dogs. Regular exercise and plenty of space to run around in are needed to keep the Miniature Pinscher happy.
Although the Miniature Pinscher is not a vicious dog, it is not great with children, who can be to rough, and it doesn’t like to be tormented. They will get on fine with adults and teenagers, they can be stubborn at first, but once trained they will obey commands well.
The coat is short and smooth with no under coat, which requires little attention, just the occasional brushing and shampoo. Because of its short hair the Miniature Pinscher does feel the cold, a blanket or a jacket is a good idea during cold weather.
Legg Perthes a condition similar to hip dysplacia is a hereditary disease which Miniature Pinschers can be prone to, a dog suffering from this will have trouble walking and will have pain in the hips and back legs. Similar to a lot of small dogs the Miniature Pinscher as an average lifespan between 12 to 15 years.