The Bull terrier is a breed of dog originally from England, there is also a smaller version of this breed, known as the Miniature Bull terrier. At the beginning of the 19th century the Bull and terrier breeds were developed to help with vermin control and for animal based blood sports. The Bull and terriers were bred from the Old English Bulldog, Old English terrier and other terriers, combining the tenacity of the Bulldog with the speed of lightly built terriers.
The Bulldog was a bit slow and ponderous for combat situations, having been bred originally for fighting a bull or a bear, tied to a post, crossing it with a terrier added speed and agility, making it a better all round fighter. Despite the Bulldog bred with terriers being valuable, very little was done to preserve the breed in its original form, breeding was for performance not appearance.
THE HINKS BREED
In the mid 19th century, James Hinks started breeding Bull and terriers with English White terriers, Hinks entered a White Bulldog called Madman into the Bull terrier class of a show in Chelsea, known as the Hinks breed or the White Cavalier these dogs soon became popular, Breeding continued, also using Dalmatians, and Whippets to add agility and elegance, and the Borzoi and Rough Collie to reduce the stop. Hinks wanted his dogs white and bred them specifically to be this colour.
Hinks had always wanted to create a companion dog rather than a pit fighter, so specific behaviour traits were added, he wanted a dog that wouldn’t start a fight but if needs be, was quite capable of finishing one. Early in the 20th century, because of medical problems associated with all white breeding the Staffordshire Bull terrier was used to add colour, brindle was the preffered colour, but others were used.
Bulldogs are notable for their almost egg shaped head, when viewed from the front, the top of the skull appears almost flat, the profile curves downwards slightly to the tip of the nose. The nose is black and bent downwards towards the tip, with well-developed nostrils, the under jaw is strong and sturdy. Bull terriers are the only dog to have triangular eyes, these are small, dark and deep set. The tail is carried horizontally on a strong round body with muscular shoulders, they are usually white, fawn, brindle, black or a combination of these colours.
STUBBORN AND INDEPENDENT.
In terms of temperament, the Bull terrier can be stubborn and independent,, therefore they are not an ideal pet for someone with no experience of handling dogs. The Bull terrier is good with dogs and other animals, they are also loyal and fun-loving when treated correctly.
Deafness is quite common in Bull terrier pups, especially white ones, although it can be difficult to notice in the early weeks. Skin allergies are also common, bites from insects, such as fleas and mites often produce an allergic response causing a rash or itching. A healthy Bull terrier on average as a lifespan of 10 to 15 years.
If treated right the Bull terrier is an ideal medium-sized family dog, good with children and loyal to its owner.