The Miniature Bull terrier is a breed with origins in the English White terrier, the Dalmatian and the Bulldog, its existence was first documented in 1872. They have short, fine, glossy coats which are close to the skin, which requires minimum grooming, usually white, white with patches of another colour, brown, black or grey, other colours like liver and blue are considered undesirable.
In the early 1900s the difference between breeds was determined by weight, however this led to the Miniature Bull terriers becoming so small that they looked more like a Chihuahua than a Bull terrier. In the 1970s the weight limit was replaced by a height limit of under 14 inches, which should be no less than 10 inches, their weight must be proportionate to their height, usually between 20 and 35 lbs.
The miniature bull terriers head is very similar to the larger Bull terrier, its head is often described as egg shaped, with eyes that are triangular and closely set, the ears are carried erect. They have very strong, muscular shoulders and a full body, the tail is carried horizontally rather than vertical.
Like a lot of terrier breeds, Miniature Bull terriers are loving and make great family pets, they are energetic and playful and love people, but they can be stubborn and aggressive towards other dogs if not trained properly. They are independent and require some training from a young age, they should be heavily socialized and taught to obey early in their lives. They are also very energetic as young puppies and seem to be able to play for ever, but as they grow older their energy levels start to wain, they need regular exercise and a balanced healthy diet to prevent obesity.
Miniature Bull terriers do not require much grooming, a quick brushing every day or a few times a week will suffice. They are prone to a number of health problems (physiological and psychological), anybody thinking of owning a Miniature Bull terrier should be aware of these. Deafness can occur in white and coloured Miniature Bull terriers, puppies can be born deaf in one ear or totally deaf, these dogs should not be bred as deafness is hereditary, there are tests which can be done on puppies to check for deafness.
LAD or Lethal Acrodermatitus in Bull terriers, is a lethal genetic degenerative disease, which will start to appear in puppies at about 4 weeks old, the usual black colour of affected puppies will start to appear lighter and turn liverish, this is due to a zinc deficiency which causes a terrible skin condition, dysfunction of their overall system and an agonizing death.
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) and Bull terrier hereditary Nephritis (BTHN) are autosomal dominant diseases, PKD can be diagnosed Ultrasonic scan, while BTHN can be diagnosed by a UPC test. Miniature Bull terriers are susceptible to Luxating Patellas, this knee problem is common in small dogs and can be treated with surgery.
Eye problems, such as Primary Lens Luxation (PLL), are something else that Miniature Bull terriers are susceptible to, PPL usually affects dogs between the age of 2 and 7, though younger and older cases have been known.
Don’t let possible health problems put you off the Miniature Bull terrier, most dogs have illnesses and disease they are susceptible to, if bred properly, and well looked after you will have a fantastic dog.